Now, don’t get me wrong. Cultivating ongoing awareness is the essence of meditation. But sometimes, what we think of as “awareness” may be a tense, constricted sense of over-focus concentrated in the upper part of the head.
For example, you can get so wound up in observing the activity of your mind that your forget everything else, including your body. Meditation, when not done properly, may even reinforce a habit of disconnection from your body, keeping you firmly situated in your head.
Using the Body as the Object of Your Meditation
To counter this tendency, try using the body as the object of your meditation practice. Traditionally, in the practice known as The Four Applications or Foundations of Mindfulness, which originated with the Buddha, the first two “foundations” are centered squarely in the body. They are called:
- Mindfulness of the Body
- Mindfulness of Feelings (Sensations)
The instructions for working with The Four Foundations of Mindfulness vary depending on whether you are following the Theravadin or Mahayana Buddhist approach. Here, we will focus on only the most essential details to simply provide a taste of the practice and as an alert to the importance of staying awake to the felt sense in meditation.
There is much more to know, learn, and understand about The Four Foundations of Mindfulness, which are simple yet very profound. It is said that these practices will help you to overcome attachment, grief, ill will, physical pain and other mental states that cause suffering.
Mindfulness of the Body
Often, we feel separate from our body as though it exists independently on its own apart from our mind. In fact, for the most part, our experience of the body may be comprised of mental projections and concepts of our mind rather than being a more immediate, direct experience of the body.
A simple way to begin working with Mindfulness of the Body is to sit upright in a relaxed way. You may close your eyes if you wish. Then, simply be loosely aware of the body. Bring your mind home and just be aware of being in the body. Start with the head and scan down like a photocopier. Just be present, feel the body, pay attention to the entire body inside and out.
Awareness of the breath in meditation is another form of practicing Mindfulness of the Body. Just focus your attention lightly on your breath. As you breath in, just be aware that you are breathing in. And you breath out, just be aware that you are breathing out. In the Theravadin tradition, it is recommended that you focus your attention on the sensation of the breath flowing in and out of the nostrils. Whereas, in other traditions it is recommended to focus your awareness lightly on the out breath; just letting go and releasing all your grasping on the out breath.
Through practicing Mindfulness of the Body, you will learn to relate directly to the body as it is rather than to your concepts about the body, which is what brings about our suffering. A greater sense of presence and a feeling of being grounded in yourself will gradually develop as well as mastery over your mind and emotions. You will come to see the impermanent nature of the body and ultimately experience its fundamental emptiness.
Mindfulness of Feelings
In the second of the Four Foundation of Mindfulness, one’s awareness is placed on the physical and mental sensations of the body. Although the word “feeling” is used it does not refer to emotions like anger and desire, but rather to sensations of the body and certain “mental” feelings like joy and sadness.
Sit upright in a relaxed way. Your eyes may be closed. Focus your attention on your forehead and be aware of whatever sensations occur in your body. Notice whether they are:
- Unpleasant or painful
Simply notice each sensation with a light awareness. Don't focus on them too strongly.
Through practicing Mindfulness of Feelings you will begin to observe the ever-changing flow of sensations, understanding their transitory nature. You'll become more aware of the habitual tendency to react to sensations with attachment or aversion. Gradually, you'll learn not to react to sensations as they occur, but rather to just observe them as they arise and dissolve on their own. This releases you from a habitually reactive state, which often leads to negative thoughts, emotions, and actions. A greater sense of peace and equanimity naturally dawns.
The courage to be still, present in the body, and aware of whatever bodily sensations you experience without attachment and aversion can bring about profound healing while also transforming the turbulence of one’s mind into peace.
Do you sometimes feel disconnected from your body in meditation? Do you ever practice Mindfulness of the Body or Mindfulness of Feelings (Sensation)? I would love to hear your thoughts.
To learn more about The Four Foundations of Mindfulness:
- Chögyam Trungpa, Heart of the Buddha
- Nyanaponika Thera, The Heart of Buddhist Meditation
- Thich Nhat Hanh, Transformation and Healing: Sutra on the Four Establishments of Mindfulness
- U Silananda, Four Foundations of Mindfulness
- Meditation: The Four Foundations of Mindfulness by Chögyam Trungpa Rinpoche
- The Four Foundations of Mindfulness by Dzogchen Ponlop Rinpoche (under “written word”)
- The Four Foundations of Mindfulness (A Summary) By U Silananda
- An Introduction to the Four Foundations of Mindfulness by Lama Lhundrup
- Satipatthana Sutta - Wikipedia